Umbrella
History of umbrella development
- 2021-04-16 14:32:46
As heat and rainfall are part of life, they also promote the birth and development of umbrellas. The English word "umbrella" comes from the Italian word "umbrella", which is derived from the Latin word "umbella", and the Latin word "umbella" is derived from "umbra". These Latin words translate as shadow or shadow. Just as the word "parasol" is a combination of the French words "parare" and "sol", which means "sun protection," umbrellas were originally used to shade oneself. This etymology is reflected in how ancient civilizations used umbrellas.

Umbrella of ancient civilization
I have to admire the wisdom of the ancients. They put large leaves on their heads to avoid rain. Because leaves can be seen everywhere and are renewable, in evergreen areas, there are leaves all year round. The ancient Egyptians used palm leaves, feathers and stretched papyrus to make umbrellas. They were hung on chariots while marching in the hot African sun, or were placed on the heads of royals and sacred figures by servants.

As we all know, the noble women of ancient Greece asked female slaves to provide them with parasols, not only for sun protection, but also as fashion accessories. It is precisely because of the connection between parasols and women that the masculinity of Greek men is questioned as to whether they are regarded as carrying parasols.

China uses parasols and parasols to protect itself from the sun and rain, but this practice is also limited to the upper class. The royal carriage is equipped with many umbrellas that can be used for practical and ceremonial purposes.

It also records the earliest ancient Chinese who used foldable umbrellas. The text dates back to 2,400 years and refers to umbrellas that can be slid and closed.

The dark age of umbrellas
Umbrella records in the Middle Ages in Europe are extremely rare, and historians are impressed by this, and believe that the tool is rarely used (if any) in the region. The cloak is a frequently cited instrument, and medieval Europeans used it to hide themselves when it rained.

It was not until the 16th century that parasols were mentioned again in European history. However, this statement is limited to Italian Catholic clergy.

Umbrellas in Europe from the 17th to the 19th century
In the 17th century, parasols and umbrellas were used in England and France. Presumably, this is because the relationship between Europe and Asia is constantly evolving at this moment in history. China and India have never stopped using these tools, and the cultures of the two countries have begun to penetrate the West.

Although there are Italian cavalry riding in the sun, there are records that parasols and parasols are still being looked after by servants directly.

During this period, umbrellas are troublesome. Common materials used to make umbrellas are wooden sticks or whale bones with wax-coated canvas canopies.

The Parisian merchant Jean Marius popularized lightweight folding umbrellas in Europe in 1710. The mechanism of opening and closing is similar to that of today's umbrellas. Throughout the 18th century, umbrellas dedicated to rainy days became more and more common in France. First, rental services appeared and then gave way to more and more shops that made and sold umbrellas for everyone.

It was not until Jonas Hanway began to carry umbrellas in public places around 1750 that England did not get rid of the outdated view of umbrellas. Hanwei insisted on bringing the umbrella to the place he had been, and it was finally accepted and used by the British public in the late 18th century. His reputation is so high that the umbrella someone carried is called "Hanwei".

Samuel Fox invented the steel umbrella in 1852, which strengthened the frame while further reducing the weight of the umbrella. This greater practicality has promoted its growing popularity. Gentlemen also began to adjust custom umbrellas with handles that can store items.

Modern umbrella
Hans Haupt invented the retractable pocket umbrella in 1928, which was the first major innovation of modern umbrellas. Haupt compares a pocket umbrella to a small child, calling it "knirps" and German "tot" or young child. Knirps will become synonymous with the German brand of foldable umbrellas.

Nylon fabric became the material of choice for umbrella-shaped awnings in the 1960s. Umbrellas with more rain resistance and quick-drying properties were produced, possibly with various colors and patterns.

The late 20th century marked some subtle but noteworthy changes in umbrella design, such as the use of aluminum and fiberglass and Teflon coating in the umbrella frame.

Nowadays, umbrellas and parasols are developing healthily all over the world, and technological advancement is also constantly developing. Their forms and functions have been improved. People of all genders and classes are using umbrellas or umbrellas.


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